Density and Equity 2015 -2016
Geographical and multi-criteria analyses information systems to estimate ideal location for housing.
Mario Molina Center
The rapid growth of Latin American cities over the last 60 years and their poor urban planning have resulted in scattered cities which increase the distance of daily commutes, affecting people’s quality of life, their family economy and increases emissions of greenhouse gases. The cities’ planned increase in population density has been presented as a mechanism to provide greater equity and quality of life for its inhabitants, creating compact cities to avoid the negative effects of dispersed development. It is important to recognize that this densification process should be guided by informed public policy. For this purpose, a tool was developed, which identifies the city blocks that meet the ideal characteristics for density increase. With this tool two metropolitan areas were analyzed: Aguascalientes and Toluca. In both cases, we identified the appropriate blocks in the central and middle areas of the city, being the central zone the one that also has the most vacant lots or capacity to double its population density without changing municipal urban development plans; the outskirt areas have deficiencies that require remedies before increasing its density. The study allowed offering specific recommendations for improving public policy, such as: promoting densification in areas identified as suitable, investing in improving the conditions of disadvantaged areas and strengthening measures to discourage territorial expansion of cities.
MARIO MOLINA CENTER FOR STRATEGIC STUDIES ON ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT