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Reading Recommendations

November 2017

Lessons from first campus carbon-pricing scheme

Kenneth Gillingham, Stefano Carattini& Daniel Esty

Putting a value on emissions can lower energy use, write Kenneth Gillingham, Stefano Carattini and Daniel Esty.


Ozone treaty taking a bite out of US greenhouse gas emissions

American Geophysical Union

The Montreal Protocol, the international treaty adopted to restore Earth’s protective ozone layer in 1989, has significantly reduced emissions of ozone-depleting chemicals from the United States. In a twist, a new study shows the 30-year old treaty has had a major side benefit of reducing climate-altering greenhouse gas emissions from the US.


Science Daily

Ocean commitments under the Paris Agreement

Natalya D. Gallo, David G. Victor & Lisa A. Levin

The percentage of the population living in low-lying areas—vulnerable to rising seas—positively influences the MFF, but negotiating group (Annex 1 or small island developing states) is equally important, suggesting political motivations are crucial to NDC development. The analysis reveals gaps between scientific and government attention, including on ocean deoxygenation, which is barely mentioned. Governments display a keen interest in expanding marine research on climate priorities.



Dynamic catalytic converters for clean air in the city

Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Reducing pollutant emission of vehicles and meeting stricter exhaust gas standards are major challenges when developing catalytic converters. A new concept might help to efficiently treat exhaust gases after the cold start of engines and in urban traffic and to reduce the consumption of expensive noble metal


Science Daily

Natural climate solutions

Bronson W. Griscom

We show that NCS can provide over one-third of the cost-effective climate mitigation needed between now and 2030 to stabilize warming to below 2 °C. Alongside aggressive fossil fuel emissions reductions, NCS offer a powerful set of options for nations to deliver on the Paris Climate Agreement while improving soil productivity, cleaning our air and water, and maintaining biodiversity.



Road pricing most effective in reducing vehicle emissions

University of British Columbia

Motor vehicles are a major source of air pollution in urban areas, and for decades municipal and regional governments have used various traffic management strategies in an effort to reduce vehicle emissions, alongside advancements like cleaner fuel and greener cars.


Science Daily

Effect of subsidies to fossil fuel companies on United States crude oil production

Peter Erickson et. al.

Countries in the G20 have committed to phase out ‘inefficient’ fossil fuel subsidies. However, there remains a limited understanding of how subsidy removal would affect fossil fuel investment returns and production, particularly for subsidies to producers.


Nature Energy

Clearing clouds of uncertainty

Mark D. Zelinka, David A. Randall, Mark J. Webb & Stephen A. Klein

Since 1990, the wide range in model-based estimates of equilibrium climate warming has been attributed to disparate cloud responses to warming. However, major progress in our ability to understand, observe, and simulate clouds has led to the conclusion that global cloud feedback is likely positive.

Nature Climate Change

The Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 early science investigations of regional carbon dioxide fluxes

A. Eldering et. al.

Earth’s carbon cycle involves large fluxes of carbon dioxide (CO2) between the atmosphere, land biosphere, and oceans. Over the past several decades, net loss of CO2 from the atmosphere to the land and oceans has varied considerably from year to year, equaling 20 to 80% of CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion and land use change. The imbalance between CO2 emissions and removal is seen in increasing atmospheric CO2 concentrations. In recent years, an increase of 2 to 3 parts per million (ppm) per year in the atmospheric mole fraction, which is currently about 400 ppm, has been observed.


The real climate debate

Peter Agre, Mario Molina& Steven Chu

In the scientific community, the big question is not whether action on climate change is required, but what form it should take — and the part that scientists should play. Three Nobel laureates and three early-career researchers gave their thoughts to Nature on the current state of climate action worldwide and the place of science in society.


Emissions: We have the technology

Katherine Bourzac

Carbon capture and storage will be crucial for mitigating climate change and rebuilding the world’s energy infrastructure.


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