Criteria for the surroundings of social housing in Mexico – 2016
Between 1980 and 2010, cities in Mexico grew 3.5 more times the extent of its urbanized land compared to the growth of the urban population. This is due mainly to the extensive single-unit social housing developments built in the urban periphery. The impacts of this excessive expansion are visible in the increase in costs and time of transfer the population suffers from their households to the workplace, schools or other related activities. The impacts are also visible in terms of the increase of green-house gas emissions associated with transport.
There have been efforts to reverse the impacts of the development of social housing and highlight the fundamental role of location as a major indicator. In 2011, the Mario Molina Center, together with federal institutions and housing developers elaborated the Sustainability Index for Housing and their Surrounding Environment, which takes into account the location as well as other aspects in the social housing developments.
In 2013, the aforementioned Index was used by the National Housing Commission (CONAVI) to modify the subsidy schemes and incentives by including the location of social housing as a prerequisite in the Urban Containment Perimeters PCU). This boosted the development towards more compact cities.
In 2015, with the objective of guaranteeing better locations for future social housing developments, the Mario Molina Center, in collaboration with Mexico’s National Housing Registry (RUV), with funds from the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), developed the Assessment Tool to measure the Location of Social Housing (HEEVi) for the Federal Mortgage Society (SHF).
MARIO MOLINA CENTER FOR STRATEGIC STUDIES ON ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT
Prolongacion Paseo de los Laureles No. 458, Despacho 406
Col. Bosques de las Lomas, Cuajimalpa, C.P. 05120, Mexico, D.F.
Telephone: +00 (52-55) 9177 1670