Sustainable Tourism -2013
This study comprises the technical and economic analysis of the most relevant components to energy consumption in 4 and 5 star hotels in Mexico. It also provides the necessary elements to be considered in the energy section of the project “Voluntary Standard for Sustainable Hotels”, promoted by the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT, acronym in Spanish) PROY-NMX-AA-XXX-SCFI-2013: “Hotel Requirements and Specifications for Environmental Performance”.
The study is supported, in addition to research data, on the analysis of the electrical and thermal consumption of 105, 4 and 5 star hotels. With this information we managed to establish an index of maximum consumption of electricity allowed and thermal energy for each of the four climatic regions in which the country was divided into (the index is expressed in kWh/m2*year).
An important part of the research consisted on evaluating energy performance of the available technologies on the market to satisfy the most relevant hotel services: air conditioning, water heating, lighting and cladding. We compared the yields between technologies and efficiency limits set by both national regulations as international references. In addition, we studied renewable and waste energy-use technologies applicable to hotels.
To find out about the viability of these proposals, we carried out a study of the cost-benefit of changing conventional equipment to high-efficiency technologies, and we assessed emission reductions that would be achieved through the implementation of energy saving measures in hotels via a prospective scenario towards 2030 and 2050. The result made evident that the adoption of more efficient technologies achieves significant economic savings through invoicing, coupled with reducing emission of greenhouse gases.
MARIO MOLINA CENTER FOR STRATEGIC STUDIES ON ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT
Prolongacion Paseo de los Laureles No. 458, Despacho 406
Col. Bosques de las Lomas, Cuajimalpa, C.P. 05120, Mexico, D.F.
Telephone: +00 (52-55) 9177 1670