Evaluation of Housing Sustainability in Mexico -2012
Attending the need for creating a tool to diagnose the environmental, economic and social performance of housing and urban space in Mexico, the Mario Molina Center developed a Sustainability Index for Housing and Surroundings (Índice de Sustentabilidad de la Vivienda y su Entorno). The Index was implemented in the analysis of 35 housing projects of social interest complexes in the metropolitan areas of Tijuana, Monterrey, Valley of Mexico and Cancun, for which the Index took into account the profile and the most urgent urban challenges for each of them. The diagnosis results indicate the existence of a middle-low sustainability in social housing (41-48 points on a scale of zero to one hundred), which is characterized to comply with the minimum national regulations and contributes to the expansion of the urban sprawl in Mexico.
While this project was led by the Mario Molina Center, the final results are a reflection of the link established between federal public institutions, technicians from the construction sector, academic fellows and civil society. Coupled with the systemic nature of the tool we generated, this partnership provided the conditions to timely identify those factors that have the greatest impact on the performance of housings. Thereafter we integrated a portfolio of best practices and policy lines to drive sustainability in the housing sector.
The knowledge and recommendations rendered by the Index exerted a decisive influence on the modification of the CONAVI’s (National Housing Commission) operation rules for the subsidy given under the program “This is your house”, which integrated housing location in urban zones as an allocation criteria. Meanwhile, INFONAVIT (National Fund for Worker’s Housing Institute) launched the “Guarantees for Sustainable Housing Program”, following the recommendation to promote vertical housing with above average sustainability characteristics. Furthermore, the work done on the Index facilitated the creation of the Transversal Housing Bureau, catalyzed the generalization of the “Mortgage with Services” and allowed the start of a continuous assessment process on sustainability for Casas Geo (one of the largest housing corporations). Just as we suggested after analyzing the results of the Index, the “Green Mortgage” program has incorporated savings from transportation resulting from better allocation of housing; and an effort on integrating the Index to the Sole Housing Registry is being worked on.
MARIO MOLINA CENTER FOR STRATEGIC STUDIES ON ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT
Prolongacion Paseo de los Laureles No. 458, Despacho 406
Col. Bosques de las Lomas, Cuajimalpa, C.P. 05120, Mexico, D.F.
Telephone: +00 (52-55) 9177 1670