Designing vehicle control zones to improve air quality in the central region of the country (ecozones) -2016
The objective of the research summarized here is contributing to the design of a land policy aimed at reducing exposure to air pollutants for the population living or transiting through the Low Emission Zone (LEZ) in the City of Cuernavaca. To do this, we generated the baselines of mobility patterns and emissions, and we recommended vehicle restriction measures complemented with mechanisms that promote low environmental impact mobility, such as pedestrian and bicycle infrastructure, measures to improve environmental performance and quality of public transportation, as well as disincentives for private car use, including parking meters and dissuasive public parking rates. The implementation of a low-emission zone (LEZ) in Cuernavaca is not only feasible but desirable; nevertheless, it must be accompanied by changes in the area in at least three dimensions: institutional, infrastructure and citizen participation. These measures must gradually cover the whole metropolitan area to have a positive impact on the city’s air quality.
MARIO MOLINA CENTER FOR STRATEGIC STUDIES ON ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT
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